Learn French Online - La Conjugaison des Verbes du 1er Groupe au Présent 123 quote

Learn French Online – La Conjugaison des Verbes du 1er Groupe au Présent

La conjugaison des verbes is an important part of learning French language. In this online lesson, we will be learning La Conjugaison des verbes du 1er groupe au présent – how to conjugate the verbs of Group 1 in present tense.


French verbes are divided into 3 major groupes:


1er groupe Les verbes that end with the letters <<er>>. Par exemple, parler (to speak), danser (to dance) et manger (to eat).

2ème groupeLes verbes that end with the letters <<ir>>. Par exemple, choisir (to choose), finir (to finish) et grandir (to grow or grow up).

3ème groupeLes verbes that end with the letters <<re>>. Par exemple, attendre (to wait), perdre (to lose) et descendre (to go/come down)

Some verbs within these groups are considered irregular because they do not follow the general rules of conjugation for their groups, but the good thing about la conjugaison des verbes en français is that there are still rules to help you understand how to conjugate and use them correctly.


The Morphology of French Verbs

French verbs are made up of two parts, the stem and the ending.

The stem tells you what verb it is and the ending helps you understand the tense, mood and subject.

Par exemple, for the verb parler,

  • <<Parl>> is the stem
  • <<er>> is the ending

And for the verb ecouter,

  • <<Ecout>> is the stem
  • <<er>> is the ending

If I change the ending of a verb, it can tell you if I am talking about something that happened in the past, giving a command or condition, speaking about a man or woman or if I am speaking about more than one person.

Paying attention to French verb endings is very important and very soon, we will learn to identify all the possible ways verbs can be conjugated.

Today, we start with conjugating regular -er verbs in the present tense.


La Conjugaison des Verbes du 1er Groupe au Présent

With the exception of aller (remember when we learnt how to conjugate aller in this lesson?) and the irregular -er verbs, these are the rules for conjugating regular verbs that end with -er in the present tense:

Je = Je + verb stem + e

Tu = Tu + verb stem + es

Il/Elle = Il/Elle + verb stem + e

Nous = Nous + verb stem + ons

Vous = Nous + verb stem + ez

Ils/Elles = Ils/Elles + verb stem + ent


For example,


1. Parler (To speak)

Je parle

Tu parles

Il/Elle parle

Nous parlons

Vous parlez

Ils/Elles parlent


2. Ecouter (To listen)

Je écoute

Tu écoutes

Il/Elle écoute

Nous écoutons

Vous écoutez

Ils/Elles écoutent


3. Manger (To eat)

Je mange

Tu manges

Il/Elle mange

Nous mangeons

Vous mangez

Ils/Elles mangent


* Notice how a small change is made to the spelling of the conjugation for <<Nous>>? This is to ensure consistency of pronunciation because <<nous mangons>> would be pronounced totally different.


It is important to pay attention to your spellings while conjugating so here’s a recap of the rules:


  1. Je               -e
  2. Tu              -es
  3. Il/Elle         -e
  4. Nous         -ons
  5. Vous         -ez
  6. Ils/Elles     -ent


Time for some practice!

Let’s try using the present tense of some regular -er verbs in sentences. I’ll go first.

  1. Elles mangent trois fois par jour – They eat rice three times a day
  2. Je joue au foot – I play football
  3. Il aime son enfant – He loves his child


When you think of the English translations of these verbs in the present tense, remember that it can mean I perform this action or I am performing this action. 

For example, saying<<Je mange du riz>> could mean <<I eat rice>>, or <<I am eating rice>> depending all the context. The most important thing to note is it talks about things happening right now (present tense).


Your turn!


Conjugate and make sentences with these five -er verbs and post them in the comment box below:

  1. Demander (To ask)
  2. Voyager (To travel)
  3. Chercher (To search or look for)
  4. Chanter (To sing)
  5. Cacher (To hide)

I can’t wait to see what you come up with 😁.


If you enjoyed this lesson, please let me know in the comment box below.

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